The Hague is the third largest city in the Netherlands. Amsterdam is the capital of the Netherlands but the Hague is the seat of government. The United Nations’ primary institutions are located here in the Hague. It is home to more than 150 international organizations.
The Hague, Netherlands, is often called the seat of international law. It houses the International Court of Justice (which is the principal judicial body of the United Nations), the Permanent Court of Arbitration, the Hague Academy of International Law, and the extensive Peace Palace Library.
The idea of the Palace started from a discussion in 1900 between the Russian diplomat Friedrich Martens and the US diplomat Andrew White, over providing a home for the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA), which was established through the first Hague Peace Conference in 1899
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